Activities such as Pisciculture, Shrimp and Algiculture also emerge as an option for small and medium rural producers.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply of Brazil, also has departments focused on the development of activities related to Aquaculture, which is nothing more than the understanding of all animal cultivation where water is the mandatory habitat in all or in parts of the life of the animal in question.
The creation of fish, for cutting or ornamental, in fresh or salt water is the branch of Pisciculture. The cultivation of crustaceans such as shrimp, oysters, scallops and mussels are called Carciniculture and Malacoculture, respectively. New on a large scale, but not so unknown, are the cultivation of frogs and algae with Raniculture and Algiculture.
Each aquatic culture has its particularities and characteristics in order to develop, produce and thrive, but what is common to all is the need to use good water management practices and comply with current legislation, including so that producers can rely on possible government assistance in the event of losses in the off-season.
Good professional practices and techniques for aquaculture range from the production of fingerlings (fish farming), seeds (malacoculture) to the fishing of water animals and their commercialization. The provision of feed, transport and processing of aquaculture production are examples of midpoints of the crop that should also be paid attention to by the producer, even before the start of activities, as they can represent major problems if not properly planned.
To become an Aquaculture Farmer, it is necessary, as in other activities, that there is a special identification of the person with the activity, as it is a rural activity most of the time and requires long journeys and physical effort for good results. It is also necessary that those interested in cultivating aquatic animals, in order to be properly regularized, must perform on the Brazilian Government's platform, the Aquaculture Registration and Aquaculture License through the Computerized System of the General Fishing Activity Registry (SisRGP) accompanied by the appropriate environmental license. Bearing in mind that Aquaculture activities in Brazil can be developed in rural establishments, urban areas and union waters, in the latter, some additional procedures with the National Water Agency and the Brazilian Navy may be required to authorize the activity.
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